Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2021
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies



Liquidity and Other Uncertainties


The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”), which contemplates continuation of the Company as a going concern. The Company is subject to a number of risks similar to those of earlier stage commercial companies, including dependence on key individuals and products, the difficulties inherent in the development of a commercial market, the potential need to obtain additional capital, competition from larger companies, other technology companies and other technologies. The Company has a limited operating history and the sales and income potential of its business and market are unproven. At March 31, 2021, the Company had cash balances totaling $91,491,161. The Company incurred net losses of $5,633,833 and $1,795,153 and negative cash flows from operations of $3,450,067 and $983,115 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. In addition, overall working capital increased by $54,458,622 during the three months ended March 31, 2021. Management believes that the existing cash at March 31, 2021 will be sufficient to fund operations for at least the next twelve months following the issuance of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


Since early 2020, when the World Health Organization established the transmissible and pathogenic coronavirus a global pandemic, there have been business slowdowns and decreased demand for AYRO products. The outbreak of such a communicable disease has resulted in a widespread health crisis which has adversely affected general commercial activity and the economies and financial markets of many countries, including the United States. As the outbreak of the disease has continued through 2020 and into 2021, the measures taken by the governments of countries affected has adversely affected the Company’s business, financial condition, and results of operations. The pandemic had an adverse impact on AYRO’s sales and the demand for AYRO products in 2020 and in the first quarter of 2021, resulting in sales that were less than expected in the first quarter of 2021. AYRO expects the pandemic to continue to have an adverse impact on sales and demand for products throughout 2021.


Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation


The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP and in conformity with the instructions on Form 10-Q and Rule 8-03 of Regulation S-X and the related rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, AYRO Operating and DropCar Operating Company, Inc. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of such statements. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the entire year. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, which are included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on March 31, 2021, as amended on April 30, 2021.


Use of Estimates


The preparation of the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, in conformity with GAAP, requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period.


The Company’s most significant estimates include allowance for doubtful accounts, valuation of inventory reserve, valuation of deferred tax asset allowance, and the measurement of stock-based compensation expenses. Actual results could differ from these estimates.




Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior period financial statements to conform to the current period financial statement presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on net earnings or cash flows as previously reported.


Revenue Recognition


The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, the core principle of which is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for those goods or services.


To achieve this core principle, five basic criteria must be met before revenue can be recognized: (1) identify the contract with a customer; (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (3) determine the transaction price; (4) allocate the transaction price to performance obligations in the contract; and (5) recognize revenue when or as the Company satisfies a performance obligation.


Nature of goods and services


The following is a description of the Company’s products and services from which the Company generates revenue, as well as the nature, timing of satisfaction of performance obligations, and significant payment terms for each:


Product revenue


Product revenue from customer contracts is recognized on the sale of each electric vehicle as vehicles are shipped to customers. The majority of the Company’s vehicle sales orders generally have only one performance obligation: sale of complete vehicles. Ownership and risk of loss transfers to the customer based on FOB shipping point and freight charges are the responsibility of the customer. Revenue is typically recognized at the point control transfers or in accordance with payment terms customary to the business. The Company provides product warranties to assure that the product assembly complies with agreed upon specifications. The Company’s product warranty is identical to the product warranties provided by the Company’s suppliers, therefore minimizing the warranty liability to the standard labor rates associated with the defective part replacement. Customers do not have the option to purchase a warranty separately; as such, warranty is not accounted for as a separate performance obligation. The Company’s policy is to exclude taxes collected from a customer from the transaction price of automotive contracts.


Shipping revenue


Amounts billed to customers related to shipping and handling are classified as shipping revenue. The Company has elected to recognize the cost for freight and shipping when control over vehicles has transferred to the customer as an operating expense. The Company has reported shipping expenses of $50,626 and $14,150 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.


Subscription revenue


Subscription revenue from revenue sharing with Destination Fleet Operators (“DFO”) and other vehicle rental agreements is recorded in the month the vehicles in the Company’s fleet is rented. The Company established its rental fleet in late March 2019 which is recorded in the property and equipment section of the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. For the rental fleet, the Company retains title and ownership to the vehicles and places them in DFO’s in resort communities that typically rent golf cars for use in those communities. In August 2020, the Company phased-out the production of its 311 line which were the vehicles used in the rental offering as it is working to develop a new line of vehicles. The change in production did not represent a strategic shift that will have a major effect on the Company’s operations or financial results.


Services and other revenue


Services and other revenue consist of non-warranty after-sales vehicle services. Revenue is typically recognized at a point in time when services and replacement parts are provided.


Warrants and Preferred Shares


The accounting treatment of warrants and preferred share series issued is determined pursuant to the guidance provided by ASC 470, Debt, ASC 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity, and ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging, as applicable. Each feature of a freestanding financial instruments including, without limitation, any rights relating to subsequent dilutive issuances, dividend issuances, equity sales, rights offerings, forced conversions, optional redemptions, automatic monthly conversions, dividends and exercise are assessed with determinations made regarding the proper classification in the Company’s financial statements.


Stock-Based Compensation


The Company accounts for stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”). The Company recognizes all employee share-based compensation as an expense in the financial statements on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, based on the terms of the awards. Equity-classified awards principally related to stock options, restricted stock awards (“RSAs”) and equity-based compensation, are measured at the grant date fair value of the award. The Company determines grant date fair value of stock option awards using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The fair value of RSAs is determined using the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the grant date. For service based vesting grants, expense is recognized ratably over the requisite service period based on the number of options or shares. Stock-based compensation is reversed for forfeitures in the period of forfeiture.


In June 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standard Unit (“ASU”) 2018-07, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2018-07”). ASU 2018-07 expands the guidance in ASC 718 to include share-based payments for goods and services to non-employees and generally aligns it with the guidance for share-based payments to employees. In accordance with ASU 2018-07, these stock options and warrants issued as compensation for services provided to the Company are accounted for based upon the fair value of the underlying equity instrument. The attribution of the fair value of the equity instrument is charged directly to compensation expense over the period during which services are rendered.


Basic and Diluted Loss Per Share


Basic and diluted net loss per share is determined by dividing net loss by the weighted average ordinary shares outstanding during the period. For all periods presented with a net loss, the shares underlying the ordinary share options and warrants have been excluded from the calculation because their effect would be anti-dilutive. Therefore, the weighted-average shares outstanding used to calculate both basic and diluted loss per share are the same for periods with a net loss. “Penny warrants” were included in the calculation of outstanding shares for purposes of basic earnings per share.


On May 28, 2020, pursuant to the previously announced Merger Agreement, dated December 19, 2019, the Company issued prefunded common stock warrants to purchase 1,193,391 shares of the Company’s common stock to certain investors (“Penny Warrants”). All penny warrants were fully exercised by the year ended December 31, 2020.


The following potentially dilutive securities have been excluded from the computation of diluted weighted average shares outstanding as they would be anti-dilutive:


    Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2021     2020  
Options to purchase common stock     1,845,282       998,814  
Restricted Stock Unvested     1,244,503        
Series H-1, H-3, H-4, H-5, I, J, pre-merger AYRO Merger common stock purchase warrants and post-merger AYRO warrants issued     7,361,083       461,647  
Series H, H-3, H-6, and pre-merger AYRO Seed Preferred Stock     2,475       2,007,193  
Totals     10,453,343       3,467,654