Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2022
Liquidity And Other Uncertainties  



Liquidity and Other Uncertainties


The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”), which contemplates continuation of the Company as a going concern. The Company is subject to a number of risks similar to those of earlier stage commercial companies, including dependence on key individuals and products, the difficulties inherent in the development of a commercial market, the potential need to obtain additional capital, competition from larger companies, other technology companies and other technologies. The Company has a limited operating history and the sales and income potential of its business and market are unproven. The Company incurred net losses of $4,578,660 for the three months ended March 31, 2022, and negative cash flows from operations of $5,545,113 for the three months ended March 31, 2022. At March 31, 2022, the Company had cash balances totaling $43,494,716 and marketable securities of $19,977,899. In addition, overall working capital decreased by $3,946,646 during the three months ended March 31, 2022. Management believes that the existing cash at March 31, 2022 will be sufficient to fund operations for at least the next twelve months following the issuance of these condensed consolidated financial statements.



Since early 2020, when the World Health Organization declared the spread of the transmissible and pathogenic coronavirus a global pandemic, there have been business slowdowns and decreased demand for AYRO products. The outbreak of such a communicable disease has resulted in a widespread health crisis which has adversely affected general commercial activity and the economies and financial markets of many countries, including the United States. As the outbreak of the disease has continued through 2020, 2021 and into 2022, the measures taken by the governments of countries affected has adversely affected the Company’s business, financial condition, and results of operations.


The Company relies on foreign suppliers, including Cenntro Automotive Group (“Cenntro”), its largest supplier, for a number of raw materials, instruments and technologies that the Company purchases. The Company’s success is dependent on the ability to import or transport such products from Cenntro and other overseas vendors in a timely and cost-effective manner. The Company relies heavily on third parties, including ocean carriers and truckers, in that process. The global shipping industry is experiencing ocean shipping disruptions, trucking shortages, increased ocean shipping rates and increased trucking and fuel costs, and the Company cannot predict when these disruptions will end.


There is currently a shortage of shipping capacity from China and other parts of Asia, and as a result, receipt of imported products may be disrupted or delayed. The shipping industry is also experiencing issues with port congestion and pandemic-related port closures and ship diversions. Labor disputes among freight carriers and at ports of entry are common, and the Company expects labor unrest and its effects on shipping products to be a challenge for it. A port worker strike, work slow-down or other transportation disruption in the port of Long Beach, California could significantly disrupt the Company’s business. The Company is currently experiencing such disruption at the port due to multiple factors brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic, such as supply and demand imbalance, a shortage of warehouse workers, truck drivers, transport equipment (tractors and trailers) and other causes, which have resulted in heightened congestion, bottlenecks and gridlock, leading to abnormally high transportation delays. This has materially and adversely affected the Company’s business and could continue to materially and adversely affect our business and financial results. If significant disruptions along these lines continue, this could lead to further significant disruptions in the Company’s business, delays in shipments, and revenue and profitability shortfalls, which could adversely affect the business, prospects, financial condition and operating results.


The global shipping industry is also experiencing unprecedented increases in shipping rates from the trans-Pacific ocean carriers due to various factors, including limited availability of shipping capacity. For example, the cost of shipping products by ocean freight has recently increased to at least three times historical levels and will have a corresponding impact on profitability. The Company may find it necessary to rely on an increasingly expensive spot market and other alternative sources to make up any shortfall in shipping needs. Additionally, if increases in fuel prices occur, transportation costs would likely further increase. Similarly, supply chain disruptions such as those described in the preceding paragraphs may lead to an increase in transportation costs. Such cost increases have adversely affected the Company’s business and could have additional adverse effects on the business, prospects, financial condition and operating results.


The Company may experience increases in the cost or a sustained interruption in the supply or shortage of raw materials, including lithium-ion battery cells, semiconductors, and integrated circuits. Any such increase or supply interruption could materially negatively impact the business, prospects, financial condition and operating results. Currently, the Company is experiencing supply chain shortages, including with respect to lithium-ion battery cells, integrated circuits, vehicle control chips, and displays. Certain production-ready components may be delayed in shipment to company facilities which has and may continue to cause delays in validation and testing for these components, which would in turn create a delay in the availability of saleable vehicles.



The Company uses various raw materials, including aluminum, steel, carbon fiber, non-ferrous metals (such as copper), and cobalt. The prices for these raw materials fluctuate depending on market conditions, and global demand and could adversely affect business and operating results. For instance, the Company is exposed to multiple risks relating to price fluctuations for lithium-ion cells. These risks include:



the inability or unwillingness of current battery manufacturers to build or operate battery cell manufacturing plants to supply the numbers of lithium-ion cells required to support the growth of the electric vehicle industry as demand for such cells increases;



disruption in the supply of cells due to quality issues or recalls by the battery cell manufacturers; and


  an increase in the cost of raw materials, such as cobalt, used in lithium-ion cells.


Any disruption in the supply of lithium-ion battery cells, semiconductors, or integrated circuits could temporarily disrupt production of the Company’s vehicles until a different supplier is fully qualified. Moreover, battery cell manufacturers may refuse to supply electric vehicle manufacturers if they determine that the vehicles are not sufficiently safe. Furthermore, fluctuations or shortages in petroleum and other economic conditions may cause the Company to experience significant increases in freight charges and raw material costs. Substantial increases in the prices for our raw materials would increase operating costs and could reduce our margins if the increased costs cannot be recouped through increased electric vehicle prices. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to recoup increasing costs of raw materials by increasing vehicle prices.


We have made certain indemnities, under which we may be required to make payments to an indemnified party, in relation to certain transactions. We indemnify our directors and officers to the maximum extent permitted under the laws of the State of Delaware. In connection with our facility leases, we have indemnified our lessors for certain claims arising from the use of the facilities. The duration of the indemnities vary and, in many cases, are indefinite. These indemnities do not provide for any limitation of the maximum potential future payments we could be obligated to make. Historically, we have not been obligated to make any payments for these obligations and no liabilities have been recorded for these indemnities.