Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2022
Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]  



Manufacturing Agreements


On September 25, 2020, AYRO entered into a Master Manufacturing Services Agreement (the “Karma Agreement”) with Karma Automotive, LLC (“Karma”). The Karma Agreement expires in September 2022. Pursuant to the agreement Karma agreed to provide certain manufacturing services, starting in 2021, under an attached statement of work including final assembly, raw material storage and logistical support of our vehicles in return for compensation of $1,160,800.


The Company paid Karma an amount of $440,000 for the first production level builds and $80,000 for setup costs. In addition, the Company issued warrants to an advisor to the transaction with a fair value of $66,845 due at signing of the contract, which amount was expensed in the prior year. The payment was recorded as prepaid expense as of December 31, 2020. For the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company recorded expense of $641,140 related to the Karma Agreement for the assembly of the AYRO 411 and 411x vehicles (the “AYRO 411 Fleet”), of which $468,480 was recorded to reduce the total remaining prepaid expense to match the expected number of 411x vehicles to be built in 2022. This amount was recorded against cost of goods for direct labor as part of the first production level builds, and $73,333 was recorded for pre-production costs. $277,680 prepaid balance remained as of June 30, 2022. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, $72,980 and $161,980 was expensed, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, $23,140 was expensed.


The Company and Karma are working to wind down production of the AYRO 411x platform as the Company transitions to production of the AYRO Z, and the Company intends to retire the 411x assembly line in late September 2022.




The Company is subject to various legal proceedings and claims, either asserted or unasserted, which arise in the ordinary course of business, that it believes are incidental to the operation of its business. While the outcome of these claims cannot be predicted with certainty, management does not believe that the outcome of any of these legal matters will have a material adverse effect on its results of operations, financial positions or cash flows.


Supply Chain Agreements


In 2017, the Company executed a supply chain contract with Cenntro, which has historically been the Company’s primary supplier. Prior to the Merger, Cenntro was a significant shareholder in AYRO Operating. Cenntro owns the design of the AYRO 411 Fleet vehicles and has granted the Company an exclusive license to purchase the AYRO 411 Fleet vehicles for sale in North America. The Company purchased 100% of its vehicle chassis, cabs and wheels for AYRO 411 Fleet Vehicles through this supply chain relationship with Cenntro. The Company must sell a minimum number of units in order to maintain its exclusive supply chain contract. See Note 12 for concentration amounts.


As of December 31, 2021 the net balance between prepaid expenses and accrued expenses with Cenntro was a prepaid balance of $602,016. As of June 30, 2022 the balance was zero. Impairments of prepaid expenses led to a write-down, netted with the balance in accrued expenses. The remainder of the balance was expensed through cost of goods sold for $621,097. Additionally, all inventory associated with Cenntro’s NCM line was written off to cost of goods sold for $1,317,289.


The Company has canceled all purchase orders and future builds with Cenntro and currently intends to only order replacement parts from Cenntro in the future. The Company is in discussions with Cenntro to determine the amount of prepaid expenses to be returned to AYRO as a result of Cenntro’s delivery of unsaleable inventory.




As of January 1, 2019, DropCar had accrued approximately $232,000 for the settlement of multiple employment disputes. As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, approximately $3,500 remained accrued as accounts payable and accrued expenses for the settlement of the final remaining employment dispute.


On March 23, 2018, DropCar was made aware of an audit being conducted by the New York State Department of Labor (“DOL”) regarding a claim filed by an employee. The DOL is investigating whether DropCar properly paid overtime for which DropCar has raised several defenses. In addition, the DOL is conducting its audit to determine whether the Company owes spread of hours pay (an hour’s pay for each day an employee worked or was scheduled for a period over ten hours in a day). Management believes the case has no merit.


DropCar was a defendant in a class action lawsuit which resulted in a judgement entered into whereby the Company is required to pay legal fees in the amount of $45,000 to the plaintiff’s counsel. As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the balance due remains $45,000, recorded as a component of accounts payable on the accompanying consolidated balance sheet. In addition, this amount was included in the $186,000 of prefunded liabilities assumed by AYRO in the Merger.


DropCar was audited by the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance (“DOTF”) for its sales tax paid over the period of 2017 – 2020. The DOTF believes DropCar owes additional sales tax plus interest. Management is investigating the details this audit. As of December 31, 2021 the Company had accrued the balance and as of June 30, 2022 paid the balance of $476,280 for such additional sales tax and interest.