Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Liquidity and Basis of Presentation


The Company has a limited operating history and the sales and income potential of its business and market are unproven. As of September 30, 2018, the Company has an accumulated deficit of $22.7 million and has experienced net losses each year since its inception. The Company anticipates that it will continue to incur net losses into the foreseeable future and will need to raise additional capital to continue. The Company’s cash is sufficient to fund its operations into the first quarter of 2019. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for the twelve months following the date of the filing of this Form 10-Q.


Management’s plan includes raising funds from outside investors, and through the potential sale of the Company’s subsidiary, WPCS International Suisan City, Inc. However, there is no assurance that outside funding will be available to the Company, outside funding will be obtained on favorable terms or will provide the Company with sufficient capital to meet its objectives. These financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of assets, carrying amounts or the amount and classification of liabilities that may be required should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.


The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Form 8-K/A filed with the SEC on April 2, 2018. The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information, the instructions for Form 10-Q and the rules and regulations of the SEC. Accordingly, since they are interim statements, the accompanying consolidated financial statements do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for annual financial statements, but reflect all adjustments consisting of normal, recurring adjustments, that are necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods presented. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any future periods. The December 31, 2017 balance sheet information was derived from the audited financial statements as of that date. 




The Company, while undergoing the audit of its consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018, commenced an evaluation of its accounting in connection with the Reverse Merger for (1) lock-up agreements entered into with the holders of the Notes (see Note 5), and (2) shares of common stock issued to Alpha Capital Anstalt and Palladium Capital Advisors (see Note 7, Service Based Common Stock). These agreements, which management originally deemed to be primarily equity in nature and would not be recognized as compensatory, were recorded as a debit and credit to additional paid in capital. On March 29, 2019, under the authority of the board of directors, the Company determined that these agreements should have been recorded as compensatory in nature which gives rise to an adjustment in the amount of $1,119,294 for the period ended September 30, 2018.


The following table sets forth the effects of the adjustments on affected items within the Company’s previously reported Consolidated Interim Balance Sheet at September 30, 2018, and includes a reclassification adjustment for the stock split of $809 which increased additional paid in capital:  

      September 30, 2018  
      As previously reported       Adjustment       As restated  
Additional paid in capital   29,207,669     1,120,103     30,327,772  
Accumulated deficit   (21,623,262 )   (1,119,294 )   (22,742,556 )


The following table sets forth the effects of the adjustments on affected items within the Company’s previously reported Consolidated Interim Statement of Operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2018:


    Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018  
    As previously reported    





As restated

    Effect of discontinued operations     As currently reported  
Selling, general and administrative expense   10,188,172     447,150     10,635,322     (1,691,933 )   8,943,389  
Depreciation and amortization   479,337       -     479,337     (221,897 )   257,440  
Total operating expenses   10,905,941     447,150     11,353,091     (2,152,263 )   9,439,260  
Operating loss   (10,269,388 )   (447,150 )   (10,716,538 )   (381,099 )   (11,097,637 )
Interest income (expense), net   (413,076 )   (672,144 )   (1,085,220 )   3,892     (1,081,328 )
Loss from continuing operations   (10,682,464 )   (1,119,294 )   (11,801,758 )   (377,207 )   (12,178,965 )
Income from discontinued operations     -       -       -     377,207     377,207  
Net loss   (10,682,464 )   (1,119,294 )   (11,801,758 )     -     (11,801,758 )
Net loss per common shares, basic and diluted   (9.52 )           (10.41 )           (10.41 )


The following table sets forth the effects of the adjustments on affected items within the Company’s previously reported Consolidated Interim Statement of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2018:


      Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018  
      As previously reported       Adjustment       As restated  
Net loss   (10,682,464 )   (1,119,294 )   (11,801,758 )
Stock based compensation   1,988,388     447,150     2,435,538  
Non-cash interest expense   23,869     672,144     696,013  


Use of Estimates


The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.


Principles of Consolidation


The unaudited consolidated financial statements represent the consolidation of the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries in conformity with GAAP. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.


Revenue Recognition


The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, codified as ASC 606: Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which provides a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. The Company adopted ASC 606 effective January 1, 2018 using modified retrospective basis and the cumulative effect was immaterial to the financial statements.


Revenue from contracts with customers is recognized when, or as, the Company satisfies its performance obligations by transferring the promised goods or services to the customers. A good or service is transferred to a customer when, or as, the customer obtains control of that good or service. A performance obligation may be satisfied over time or at a point in time. Revenue from a performance obligation satisfied over time is recognized by measuring the Company’s progress in satisfying the performance obligation in a manner that depicts the transfer of the goods or services to the customer. Revenue from a performance obligation satisfied at a point in time is recognized at the point in time that the Company determines the customer obtains control over the promised good or service. The amount of revenue recognized reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those promised goods or services (i.e., the “transaction price”). In determining the transaction price, the Company considers multiple factors, including the effects of variable consideration. Variable consideration is included in the transaction price only to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainties with respect to the amount are resolved. In determining when to include variable consideration in the transaction price, the Company considers the range of possible outcomes, the predictive value of its past experiences, the time period of when uncertainties expect to be resolved and the amount of consideration that is susceptible to factors outside of the Company’s influence, such as the judgment and actions of third parties.


DropCar Operating


DropCar Operating contracts are generally designed to provide cash fees to us on a monthly basis or an agreed upfront rate based upon demand services. The Company’s performance obligation is satisfied over time as the service is provided continuously throughout the service period. The Company recognizes revenue evenly over the service period using a time-based measure because the Company is providing a continuous service to the customer. Contracts with minimum performance guarantees or price concessions include variable consideration and are subject to the revenue constraint. The Company uses an expected value method to estimate variable consideration for minimum performance guarantees and price concessions. The Company has constrained revenue for expected price concessions during the period ended September 30, 2018.


Monthly Subscriptions


DropCar Operating offers a selection of subscriptions and on-demand services which include parking, valet, and access to other services. The contract terms are on a month-to-month subscription contract with fixed monthly or contract term fees. These subscription services include a fixed number of round-trip deliveries of the customer’s vehicle to a designated location. The Company allocates the purchase price among the performance obligations which results in deferring revenue until the service is utilized or the service period has expired. In July 2018, DropCar Operating began assessing demand for a Self-Park Spaces monthly parking plan whereby consumers could designate specific garages for their vehicles to be stored at a base monthly rate, with personal 24/7 access for picking up and returning their vehicle directly, and the option to pay a la carte on a per hour basis for a driver to perform functions such as picking up and returning their vehicle to their front door. This model aligns more directly with how the Company has structured the enterprise B2B side of its business, where an interaction with a vehicle on behalf of its drivers typically generates net new revenue. The DropCar Operating consumer Self-Park Spaces plan combined with its on-demand hourly valet service are the only consumer plans offered from September 1, 2018 onwards. Subscriber plans prior to this date continued to receive service on a prorated basis through the end of August 2018. Additionally, the Company is scaling back its 360 Services for the Consumer portion of the market. As a result of this shift, in August 2018, the Company began to significantly streamline its field teams, operations and back office support tied to its pre-September 1, 2018 consumer subscription plans.


 On Demand Valet and Parking Services


DropCar Operating offers to consumers certain on demand services through its mobile application. The customer is billed at an hourly rate upon completion of the services. Revenue is recognized when the Company had satisfied all performance obligations which is upon completion of the service.


DropCar 360 Services


DropCar Operating offers to consumers certain services upon request including vehicle inspection, maintenance, car washes or to fill up with gas. The customers are charged a fee in addition to the cost of the third-party services provided. Revenue is recognized when the Company had satisfied all performance obligations which is upon completion of the service.


On Demand Business-To-Business


DropCar Operating also has contracts with car dealerships, car share programs and others in the automotive industry transporting vehicles. Revenue is recognized at the point in time all performance obligations are satisfied which is when the Company provide the delivery service of the vehicles.


Disaggregated Revenues


The following table presents our revenues from contracts with customers disaggregated by revenue source.


    Three Months Ended September 30,       Nine Months Ended September 30,   
      2018       2017       2018       2017  
DropCar Operating Subscription Services   1,118,544     1,061,865     3,758,099     2,165,793  
DropCar Operating Services On-Demand     270,590       207,691       1,197,107       631,616  
DropCar Operating Revenue (1)(2)   1,389,134     1,269,556     4,955,206     2,797,409  


(1) Represents revenues recognized by type of services.

(2) All revenues are generated in the United States.


The following presents our revenues from B2C and B2B customers.


For the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the DropCar Operating B2C revenue was $1,164,093 and $1,170,859, respectively


For the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the DropCar Operating B2B revenue was $225,041 and $98,697, respectively


For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the DropCar Operating B2C revenue was $4,244,682 and $2,492,362, respectively


For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the DropCar Operating B2B revenue was $710,524 and $305,047, respectively


Employee Stock-Based Compensation


The Company recognizes all employee share-based compensation as a cost in the financial statements. Equity-classified awards principally related to stock options, restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and equity-based compensation, are measured at the grant date fair value of the award. The Company determines grant date fair value of stock option awards using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The fair value of RSUs are determined using the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the grant date. For service-based vesting grants, expense is recognized ratably over the requisite service period based on the number of options or shares expected to ultimately vest. Stock-based compensation is reversed for forfeitures in the period of forfeiture.


The Company has one equity incentive plan, the 2014 Equity Incentive Plan (the “Plan”). As of September 30, 2018, there were 38,875 shares reserved for future issuance under the Plan.


On September 26, 2018 the Company’s Board of Directors resolved to increase the options under this plan. The resolution is subject to approval from the stockholders on the adoption of an amendment to the WPCS International Incorporated Amended and Restated 2014 Equity Incentive Plan at the annual meeting on November 15, 2018. If this proposal is approved, the number of shares authorized for issuance of awards under the Plan will be increased from 2,527,272 to an aggregate of 4,239,772 shares of common stock. In connection with this amendment, the Company is changing the name of the Plan to the “DropCar, Inc. Amended and Restated 2014 Equity Incentive Plan” to reflect the name change.


Property and Equipment


The Company accounts for property and equipment at cost less accumulated depreciation. The Company computes depreciation using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The Company generally depreciates property and equipment over a period of three to seven years. Depreciation for property and equipment commences once they are ready for its intended use.


Capitalized Software


Costs related to website and internal-use software development are accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 350-50 — Intangibles — Website Development Costs. Such software is primarily related to our websites and mobile apps, including support systems. We begin to capitalize our costs to develop software when preliminary development efforts are successfully completed, management has authorized and committed project funding, it is probable that the project will be completed, and the software will be used as intended. Costs incurred prior to meeting these criteria are expensed as incurred and recorded within General and administrative expenses within the accompanying statements of operations. Costs incurred for enhancements that are expected to result in additional features or functionality are capitalized. Capitalized costs are amortized over the estimated useful life of the enhancements, generally between two and three years.


Impairment of Long-Lived Assets


Long-lived assets are primarily comprised of intangible assets, property and equipment, and capitalized software costs. The Company evaluates its Long-Lived Assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of an asset or group of assets may not be recoverable. If these circumstances exist, recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset group to future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset group. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. There were no impairments to long-lived assets for the periods ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.


Income Taxes


The Company provides for income taxes using the asset and liability approach. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recorded based on the differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities and the tax rates in effect when these differences are expected to reverse. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance if, based on the weight of available evidence, it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. As of September 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, the Company had a full valuation allowance against deferred tax assets.


The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”), enacted on December 22, 2017, among other things, permanently lowered the statutory federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%, effective for tax years including or beginning January 1, 2018. Under the guidance of ASC 740, “Income Taxes” (“ASC 740”), the Company revalued its net deferred tax assets on the date of enactment based on the reduction in the overall future tax benefit expected to be realized at the lower tax rate implemented by the new legislation. Although in the normal course of business the Company is required to make estimates and assumptions for certain tax items which cannot be fully determined at period end, the Company did not identify items for which the income tax effects of the Tax Act have not been completed as of September 30, 2018 and, therefore, considers its accounting for the tax effects of the Tax Act on its deferred tax assets and liabilities to be complete as of September 30, 2018.


Fair Value Measurements


The Company accounts for financial instruments in accordance with ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” (“ASC 820”). ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value.  The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements).  The three levels of the fair value hierarchy under ASC 820 are described below:


Level 1 – Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities;


Level 2 – Quoted prices in markets that are not active or financial instruments for which all significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly; and


Level 3 – Prices or valuations that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable.


Financial instruments with carrying values approximating fair value include cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses, deferred income, and accrued interest, due to their short-term nature.


Loss Per Share


Basic loss per share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to common shareholders (the numerator) by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding (the denominator) for the period. Diluted loss per share are computed by assuming that any dilutive convertible securities outstanding were converted, with related preferred stock dividend requirements and outstanding common shares adjusted accordingly. It also assumes that outstanding common shares were increased by shares issuable upon exercise of those stock options for which market price exceeds the exercise price, less shares which could have been purchased by us with the related proceeds. In periods of losses, diluted loss per share is computed on the same basis as basic loss per share as the inclusion of any other potential shares outstanding would be anti-dilutive.


The following securities were excluded from weighted average diluted common shares outstanding because their inclusion would have been antidilutive.


      As of September 30,  
      2018       2017  
Common stock equivalents:            
Common stock options     156,880       -  
Series A, H-1, H-3, H-4, I, J and Merger common stock purchase warrants     585,307       -  
Series H, H-3, and H-4 Convertible Preferred Stock     2,739,225       -  
Restricted shares (unvested)     244,643       -  
Convertible notes     -       91,569  
Series seed preferred stock     -       275,691  
Series A preferred stock     -       611,944  
Totals     3,726,055       979,204  


Adoption of New Accounting Standards 


In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. Under the new standard, revenue is recognized at the time a good or service is transferred to a customer for the amount of consideration for which the entity expects to be entitled for that specific good or service. Entities may use a full retrospective approach or on a prospective basis and report the cumulative effect as of the date of adoption. The Company adopted the new standard on January 1, 2018 using prospective basis and the cumulative effect was immaterial to the financial statements. The new standard also requires enhanced disclosures about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts.


In July 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-11, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260); Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480); Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): (Part I) Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Down Round Features. These amendments simplify the accounting for certain financial instruments with down round features. The amendments require companies to disregard the down round feature when assessing whether the instrument is indexed to its own stock, for purposes of determining liability or equity classification. The adoption of this standard on January 1, 2018 did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements.


In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business. The new guidance dictates that, when substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired (or disposed of) is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or a group of similar identifiable assets, it should be treated as an acquisition or disposal of an asset. The guidance was adopted as of January 1, 2018 and did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements.


Recently Issued Accounting Standards


From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the FASB or other standard setting bodies. Unless otherwise discussed, the Company believes that the impact of recently issued standards that are not yet effective will not have a material impact on its consolidated financial position or results of operations upon adoption.


In February 2016, the FASB established Topic 842, as amended, Leases, by Issuing Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2016-02, which requires lessees to recognize leases on-balance sheet and disclose key information about leasing arrangements. The new standard establishes a right-of-use model (ROU) that requires a lessor to recognize a ROU asset and lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with a term longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern and classification of expense recognition in the income statement. The new standard is effective for us on January 1, 2019 with early adoption permitted. We expect to adopt the new standard on its effective date. A modified retrospective transition approach is required, applying the new standard to all leases existing at the date of initial application. An entity may choose to use either (1) its effective date or (2) the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements as its date of initial application. We expect that this standard will have a material effect on our financial statements. While we continue to assess all of the effects of adoption, we currently believe the most significant effects relate to (1) the recognition of new ROU assets and lease liabilities on our balance sheet for our office and equipment operating leases and providing significant new disclosures about our leasing activities.


In January 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2017-04 (ASU 2017-04), Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. ASU 2017-04 eliminates step two of the goodwill impairment test and specifies that goodwill impairment should be measured by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. Additionally, the amount of goodwill allocated to each reporting unit with a zero or negative carrying amount of net assets should be disclosed. ASU 2017-04 is effective for annual or interim goodwill impairment tests performed in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019; early adoption is permitted. The Company currently anticipates that the adoption of ASU 2017-04 will not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.


In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Changes to Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurements, which will improve the effectiveness of disclosure requirements for recurring and nonrecurring fair value measurements. The standard removes, modifies, and adds certain disclosure requirements, and is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this standard will have on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.