Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

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SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
6 Months Ended
Oct. 31, 2013
Shareholders' Equity  
SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
NOTE 9 - SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
Stock-Based Compensation Plans
 
In September 2006, the Company adopted the 2007 Incentive Stock Plan, under which officers, directors, key employees or consultants may be granted options. Under the 2007 Incentive Stock Plan, 57,142 shares of common stock were reserved for issuance upon the exercise of stock options, stock awards or restricted stock. These shares were registered under Form S-8. Under the terms of the 2007 Incentive Stock Plan, stock options are granted at exercise prices equal to the fair market value of the common stock at the date of grant, and become exercisable and expire in accordance with the terms of the stock option agreement between the optionee and the Company at the date of grant. These options generally vest based on between one to three years of continuous service and have five-year contractual terms. At October 31, 2013, options to purchase 48,563 shares were outstanding at exercise prices ranging from $2.52 to $21.98. At October 31, 2013, there were 6,794 options available for grant under the 2007 Incentive Stock Plan.
 
In September 2005, the Company adopted the 2006 Incentive Stock Plan, under which officers, directors, key employees or consultants may be granted options. Under the 2006 Incentive Stock Plan, 57,142 shares of common stock were reserved for issuance upon the exercise of stock options, stock awards or restricted stock. These shares were registered under Form S-8. Under the terms of the 2006 Incentive Stock Plan, stock options are granted at exercise prices equal to the fair market value of the common stock at the date of grant, and become exercisable and expire in accordance with the terms of the stock option agreement between the optionee and the Company at the date of grant. These options generally vest based on between one to three years of continuous service and have five-year contractual terms. At October 31, 2013, options to purchase 46,911 shares were outstanding at exercise prices ranging from $2.52 to $4.20. At October 31, 2013, there were 6 options available for grant under the 2006 Incentive Stock Plan.
 
In March 2003, the Company established a stock option plan pursuant to which options to acquire a maximum of 59,523 shares of the Company's common stock were reserved for grant (the "2002 Plan"). These shares were registered under Form S-8. Under the terms of the 2002 Plan, the options are exercisable at prices equal to the fair market value of the stock at the date of the grant and become exercisable in accordance with terms established at the time of the grant. These options generally vest based on between one to three years of continuous service and have five-year contractual terms. At October 31, 2013, options to purchase 14,636 shares were outstanding at exercise prices ranging from $4.20 to $24.71. There are no further shares available for grant under the 2002 Plan as the ten-year term of the 2002 Plan was reached in March 2013.
 
The Company estimates the fair value of stock options granted using the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model. Compensation cost is then recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting or service period and is net of estimated forfeitures. There were 1,760 stock options granted during the six months ended October 31, 2013. There were 87,857 stock options granted during the six months ended October 31, 2012.
 
The Company recorded stock-based compensation of $22,511 and $103,951 for the six months ended October 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. At October 31, 2013, the total compensation cost related to unvested stock options granted to employees and directors under the Company’s stock option plans but not yet recognized was approximately $4,000 and is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 7 months.
 
The Company has elected to adopt the shortcut method for determining the initial pool of excess tax benefits available to absorb tax deficiencies related to stock-based compensation. The shortcut method includes simplified procedures for establishing the beginning balance of the pool of excess tax benefits (the APIC Tax Pool) and for determining the subsequent effect on the APIC Tax Pool and the Company’s consolidated statements of cash flows of the tax effects of share-based compensation awards. Excess tax benefits related to share-based compensation are reflected as financing cash inflows.
 
Reverse Stock Split
 
Effective May 28, 2013, the Company amended its Certificate of Incorporation, as amended, pursuant to which the Company affected a one-for-seven reverse split of the Company’s issued and outstanding shares of common stock (the Reverse Stock Split) and reduced the number of authorized shares of common stock by the same ratio, from 100 million to 14,285,715. The total issued and outstanding common stock was decreased from 6,954,766 shares to 994,187 shares. All share-related and per share information have been adjusted to give effect to the Reserve Stock Split.
 
The purpose of the Reverse Stock Split was to raise the per share trading price of WPCS common stock to regain compliance with the $1.00 per share minimum bid price requirement for a continued listing on the NASDAQ Capital Market. In order to maintain the WPCS listing on the NASDAQ Capital Market, on or before June 24, 2013, the Company’s common stock was required to have a minimum closing bid price of $1.00 per share for a minimum of ten prior consecutive trading days, which was achieved.
 
Section 16(b) Settlement
 
On August 7, 2006, Maureen Huppe, a stockholder of the Company, filed suit in the United States District Court Southern District of New York, against defendants Special Situations Fund III QP, L.P. and Special Situations Private Equity Fund, L.P. (collectively SSF), former stockholders of the Company, alleging violations of Section 16(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U.S.C. § 78p (b) (Section 16(b)). SSF made sales of 20,445 shares of the Company’s common stock from December 15, 2005 to January 30, 2006, at prices ranging from $64.26 to $88.34 per share. On April 12, 2006, SSF purchased 95,209 shares of the Company’s common stock at $49.00 per share.
 
The complaint sought disgorgement from SSF for any "short-swing profits" obtained by them in violation of Section 16(b), as a result of the foregoing sales and purchases of the Company’s common stock within periods of less than nine months while SSF was a beneficial owner of more than 10% of the Company’s common stock. The complaint sought disgorgement to the Company of all profits earned by SSF on the transactions, attorneys’ fees and other expenses. While the suit named the Company as a nominal defendant, it contained no claims against nor sought relief from the Company.
 
On June 13, 2012, the parties executed a court approved settlement which resolved this Section 16(b) action. Pursuant to this settlement, SSF agreed to pay the Company $529,280 in disgorgement of short-swing profits, less the fees and expenses agreed upon by the plaintiffs of $272,539 in connection with the settlement, resulting in the remainder, or $254,361, paid to the Company. The Company recorded the net proceeds as additional paid-in capital.